This introductory course focuses on the basic traits of the theatrical creation within the medieval and Renaissance cultures. Christianity, which dominated the western world right from the beginning of the middle-ages, effected the shaping of different dramatic and theatrical forms from, which are still perceived as 'alternative' theatre today, and we shall explore the cultural stance that induced the formation of this theatrical model along with its various manifestations. The Renaissance is known first and foremost for its inclination to return to the classical paradigm and therefore presents yet another variation of theatrical expression. For despite the tendency to reject medieval tradition the Renaissance nonetheless fashioned a weave of novelty and continuity. The course is thus constructed chronologically in order to focus on each culture for itself, yet it also is targeted towards apprehending the inter-cultural dynamics.