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שנה"ל תשע"ט

  רפובליקה מנייר: אמנים, אמנות ומלומדים בעת החדשה המוקדמת
  A Paper Republic: Art, Artists, and Scholars in Early Modern Europe  
0821-3685-01
אמנויות | חוג לתולדות האמנות
סמ'  א'0800-1200200 מכסיקוסמינר ד"ר צולקמן תמר
דרישות קדם   רשימת התפוצה  
ש"ס:  4.0

סילבוס מקוצר

בתחילת המאה ה-16, קהילת המלומדים ברחבי אירופה כולה אימצה לעצמה את השם "רפובליקת המילים" (respublica litteraria). זו היתה רפובליקה ללא ארץ, בירה או גבול, ואזרחיה היו תושבי ארצות שונות ורחוקות שכל תושביה שווים וחופשיים בעיני עצמם. עבור ההומניסט ארסמוס מרוטרדם למשל, הרפובליקה של המילים היא קהילת תלמידים שמוריה הם כתבי המדע, הכתבים הקדושים וכתבי העת העתיקה. ברפובליקה הדמיונית הראשונה, תהילתם של תושביה טמונה בהישיגיהם האינטלקטואלים ועל השגים אלה נמנו גם סוגות ספרותיות חדשות כמו ספרי האוטופיה, והאמבלמות, ואינספור כתבי רפואה, טבע ומדע.

מה היה מקומם של האמנים והאמנות ברפובליקה האוניברסלית של המילה? האם הם הצליחו להתאזרח בגבולותיה, כשם שקיווה אלברטי? האם האמנות הפלסטית, שכלי מלאכתה הם המכחול, האיזמל וסרגל הבניה השתתפה כחברה מהמניין במפעלותיה? או שמה היו האמנים ויצירותיהם רק כלי משני לאיור, המחשה ועיטור של הטקסטים שייצרו האזרחים האמיתיים שלה?

בסמינר זה ננסה לענות על שאלות אלה באמצעות חקירה של אמנים ויצירות קאנוניים, שההיסטוריה של האמנות בוחנת בדרך כלל בהקשרם הסגנוני, התרבותי וההיסטורי המקומי וננסה להציב אותם בגבולות האוניברסליים הבלתי נראים של הרפובליקה החדשה.

Course description

At the beginning of the sixteenth Century, the scholarly community all around Europe assumed the name respublica litteraria—the Republic of Letters. It had no land, no capital or borders, and its citizens, considering themselves all equal, originated from many and distant lands. For the humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam, for example, the Republic of Letters is the community of students, whose teachers are books of science, antiquity and the Holy Scriptures. In that first imaginary republic, the glory of its citizens depended on their intellectual achievements such as, for example, the invention of new literary genres, such as the Utopia and Emblem books, as well as numerous Medical, Nature and Science books.

What was the artists’ and art’s position in the Republic of Letters? Were they ‘naturalized citizens’ as Alberti had hoped? Was art, whose craft-tools are the brush, the chisel and the construction bar, an active participant in its enterprises? Or were the artists and their work only secondary and used merely to illustrate the texts which the ‘real’ citizens had produced?

We will seek to answer these questions through the investigation and analysis of canonical artists and works of art. Whereas Art History had them investigated mainly in context of their local cultural, historical and stylistic developments, we will try and see them within the unseen universal boundaries of this new republic.

 

סילבוס מפורט

אמנויות | חוג לתולדות האמנות
0821-3685-01 רפובליקה מנייר: אמנים, אמנות ומלומדים בעת החדשה המוקדמת
A Paper Republic: Art, Artists, and Scholars in Early Modern Europe
שנה"ל תשע"ט | סמ'  א' | ד"ר צולקמן תמר

סילבוס מפורט/דף מידע

רפובליקה מנייר:

אמנים, אמנות ומלומדים בעת החדשה המוקדמת

A Paper Republic:

Art, Artists, and Scholars in Early Modern Europe

 

סמסטר א' תשע"ט

0821368501

סמינר ב.א

4 ש"ס

שם המרצה: דר' תמר צ'ולקמן (Dr. Tamar Cholcman)

דואר אלקטרוני:   cholcman@post.tau.ac.il

שעות קבלה:   

 

בניין:  מקסיקו             

חדר: 205       

לפי תאום מראש  

 

בתחילת המאה ה-16, קהילת המלומדים ברחבי אירופה כולה אימצה לעצמה את השם "רפובליקת המילים" (respublica litteraria). זו היתה רפובליקה ללא ארץ, בירה או גבול, ואזרחיה היו תושבי ארצות שונות ורחוקות שכל תושביה שווים וחופשיים בעיני עצמם. עבור ההומניסט ארסמוס מרוטרדם למשל, הרפובליקה של המילים היא קהילת תלמידים שמוריה הם כתבי המדע, הכתבים הקדושים וכתבי העת העתיקה. ברפובליקה הדמיונית הראשונה, תהילתם של תושביה טמונה בהישיגיהם האינטלקטואלים ועל השגים אלה נמנו גם סוגות ספרותיות חדשות כמו ספרי האוטופיה, והאמבלמות, ואינספור כתבי רפואה, טבע ומדע.

מה היה מקומם של האמנים והאמנות ברפובליקה האוניברסלית של המילה? האם הם הצליחו להתאזרח בגבולותיה, כשם שקיווה אלברטי? האם האמנות הפלסטית, שכלי מלאכתה הם המכחול, האיזמל וסרגל הבניה השתתפה כחברה מהמניין במפעלותיה? או שמה היו האמנים ויצירותיהם רק כלי משני לאיור, המחשה ועיטור של הטקסטים שייצרו האזרחים האמיתיים שלה?

בסמינר זה ננסה לענות על שאלות אלה באמצעות חקירה של אמנים ויצירות קאנוניים, שההיסטוריה של האמנות בוחנת בדרך כלל בהקשרם הסגנוני, התרבותי וההיסטורי המקומי וננסה להציב אותם בגבולות האוניברסליים הבלתי נראים של הרפובליקה החדשה.

 

At the beginning of the sixteenth Century, the scholarly community all around Europe assumed the name respublica litteraria—the Republic of Letters. It had no land, no capital or borders, and its citizens, considering themselves all equal, originated from many and distant lands. For the humanist Erasmus of Rotterdam, for example, the Republic of Letters is the community of students, whose teachers are books of science, antiquity and the Holy Scriptures. In that first imaginary republic, the glory of its citizens depended on their intellectual achievements such as, for example, the invention of new literary genres, such as the Utopia and Emblem books, as well as numerous Medical, Nature and Science books.

What was the artists’ and art’s position in the Republic of Letters? Were they ‘naturalized citizens’ as Alberti had hoped? Was art, whose craft-tools are the brush, the chisel and the construction bar, an active participant in its enterprises? Or were the artists and their work only secondary and used merely to illustrate the texts which the ‘real’ citizens had produced?

We will seek to answer these questions through the investigation and analysis of canonical artists and works of art. Whereas Art History had them investigated mainly in context of their local cultural, historical and stylistic developments, we will try and see them within the unseen universal boundaries of this new republic.

 

 

מרכיבי הציון: עבודה סמינריונית או רפרט (בהתאם לבחירת הסטודנט/ית).

מטלות הקורס: רפרט ועבודה כתובה

מטלות קריאה: בנוסף לרשימת הקריאה, במהלך הסמסטר יצוינו מאמרים שהם בגדר חובה

ממפגש למפגש.

רשימת נושאים: רשימת נושאים לעבודות תינתן בתחילת הסמסטר. יחד עם זאת, סטודנטים מוזמנים להציע נושאים משלהם עפ"י תחומי עניין, ובתיאום עם המרצה.

 

 

 

New e-Journal (2016): Erudition and the Republic of Letters

http://uli.nli.org.il/~libnet/pqd/opac_uls.pl?1236207

Hanan Yoran. Between Utopia and Dystopia: Erasmus, Thomas More, and the Humanist Republic of Letters (Lanham: Lexington Books, 2010). [879.8 ERA-A (YOR)]

http://site.ebrary.com/lib/tau/detail.action?docID=10386429

 

Anthony Grafton, Worlds Made by Words. Scholarship and Community in the Modern West, (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2009). [940.2 GRA]

 

 

Select Republic of Letters Bibliography

http://www.culturesofknowledge.org/?page_id=191

 

Alexandrescu, Vlad, ed., ‘Shaping the Republic of Letters: Communication, Correspondence and Networks in Early Modern Europe’, special issue of Journal of Early Modern Studies 1:1 (2012).

Almási, Gábor, ‘Humanistic Letter-Writing’, EGO: European History Online (2010).

Altman, Janet Gurkin, Epistolarity: Approaches to a Form (Columbus, OH: Ohio State University Press, 1982).

Akkerman, Fokke, ‘De Neolatijnse epistolografie – Rudolf Agricola’, Lampas 18 (1985), 321–37.

Akkerman, Nadine, ‘The Postmistress, the Diplomat, and a Black Chamber?: Alexadrine of Taxis, Sir Balthazar Gerbier and the Power of Postal Control’, in Robyn Adams and Rosanna Cox, eds, Diplomacy and Early Modern Culture (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2010), 172–88.

Allen, Percy S., ‘Some letters of Masters and Scholars, 1500–1530’, English Historical Review 22 (1907), 740–54.

Ammermann, M., ‘Gelehrten-Briefe des 17. und frühen 18. Jahrhunderts’, Wolfenbütteler Schriften zur Geschichte des Buchwesens 9 (1983), 81–96.

Arblaster, Paul, ‘Posts, Newsletters, Newspapers in A European System of Communications’, in Joad Raymond, ed., News Networks in Seventeenth-Century Britain and Europe (London: Routledge, 2006), 19–34.

Avramov, Iordan, ‘An Apprenticeship in Scientific Communication: The Early Correspondence of Henry Oldenburg (1656–63)’, Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 53:2 (1999), 187–201.

Avramov, Iordan, ‘Letter Writing and the Management of Scientific Controversy: The Correspondence of Henry Oldenburg (1661–1677)’, in Toon Van Houdt et al., eds, Self-Presentation and Social Identification: The Rhetoric and Pragmatics of Letter Writing in Early Modern Times (Leuven: Supplementa Humanistica Lovaniensia, 2002), 337–363.

Baar, Mirjam de, “Ik moet spreken”: het spiritueel leiderschap van Antoinette Bourignon (1616–1680) (Zutphen: Walburg, 2004).

Baron, Sabrina A., ‘The Guises of Dissemination in Early Seventeenth-Century England: News in Manuscript and Print’, in Brendan Dooley and Sabrina A. Baron, eds, The Politics of Information in Early Modern Europe (London: Routledge, 2001), 41–56.

Bartlett, Kenneth R. and Margaret McGlynn, eds, Humanism and the Northern Renaissance (Toronto: Canadian Scholars Press, 2000), chapters 6, 8, 26, 28, and 32.

Bearman, Peter, James Moody, and Robert Faris, ‘Networks and History’, Complexity 8:1 (2002), 61–71.

Beaurepaire, Pierre-Yves, ed., La plume et la toile. Pouvoirs et réseaux de correspondance dans l’Europe des Lumières, Collection ‘Histoire’ (Arras: Artois Presses Université, 2002).

Bepler, Jill, ‘Herzog August and the Hartlib Circle’, in Hedwig Schmidt- Glintzer et al., A Treasure House of Books: The Library of Duke August of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel [Ausstellungskataloge der Herzog August Bibliothek. no. 75] (Wiesbaden. Harrassowitz. 1998), 165-72.

Berg, Wim van den, ‘Briefreflectie en briefinstructie’, Documentatieblad werkgroep 18e eeuw 38 (1978), 1–22.

Berkvens-Stevelinck, Christiane, Hans Bots, and Jens Haeseler, eds, Les grands intermédiaires culturels de la République des Lettres, Etudes de réseaux de correspondances du XVIe au XVIIIe siècles (Paris: Editions Honoré Champion 2005).

Bethencourt, Francisco and Florike Egmond, ‘Introduction’, in idem, eds, Correspondence and Cultural Exchange in Europe, 1400–1700 (Cambridge: CUP, 2006-07).

Beugnot, B., ‘Débats autour du genre épistolair. Realité et écriture’, Revue d’Histoire Littéraire de la France 74 (1974), 195–202.

Blair, Ann M., Too Much to Know: Managing Scholarly Information Before the Modern Age (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010).

Bossis, Mireille, ‘Methodological Journeys Through Correspondences’, Yale French Studies 71 (1986), 63–75.

Bots, Hans and Françoise Waquet, eds, Commercium Litterarium, 1600–1750. La communication dans la République des Lettres (Amsterdam and Maarssen: APA-Holland University Press, 1994).

Bots, Hans and Françoise Waquet, La République des Lettres, Europe et histoire (Paris and Belin: De Boeck, 1997).

Bots, J. A., Republiek der Letteren. Ideaal en werkelijkheid (Amsterdam: APA-Holland Universiteits Pers, 1977).

Boutier, J., ed., Etienne Baluze, 1630–1718. Erudition et pouvoirs dans l’Europe classique (Limoges: Pulim, 2008).

Bracke, Walter, Fare la Epistolae, nella Roma del Quattrocentro (Rome: Roma nel Rinascimento, 1992).

Brant, Clare, Eighteenth-Century Letters and British Culture (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2006).

Bray, Bernard, ‘L’Enquête des Correspondences’, in Le XVIIe siècle et la recherche: actes du 6ème colloque de Marseille (Marseille: Centre Méridional de Rencontres sur le XVIIe siècle, 1976), 65–78.

Bray, Bernard, ‘La louange, exigence de civilité et pratique épistolaire au XVIIème siècle’, XVIIe siècle 42 (1990), 135–53.

Brayshay, Mark, Philip Harrison, and Brian Chalkley, ‘Knowledge, Nationhood and Governance: The Speed of the Royal Post in Early-Modern England’, Journal of Historical Geography 24 (1998), 265–88.

Brockliss, Laurence, Calvet’s Web: Enlightenment and the Republic of Letters in Eighteenth-Century France (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002).

Bürgel, Peter, ‘Der Privatbrief. Entwurf eines heuristischen Modells’, Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft und Geistesgeschichte 50 (1976), 281–97.

Chambers, Douglas, ‘“Excuse These Impertinences”: Evelyn in his Letterbooks’ in Frances Harris and Michael Hunter, eds, John Evelyn and His Milieu (London: British Library, 2003), 21–36.

Chartier, Roger, Boureau, Alain and Dauphin, Cecile, Correspondence: Models of Letter-Writing from the Middle Ages to the Nineteenth Century (Cambridge: Polity, 1997).

Clough, Cecil H., ‘The Cult of Antiquity: Letters and Letter Collections’, in Cecil H. Clough, ed., Cultural Aspects of the Italian Renaissance (Manchester: Manchester University Press; New York: Alfred F. Zambelli, 1976), 33–67.

Conde Salazar, Matilde, ‘La literatura epistolar como fuente historiográfica’, in Maurilio Pérez González, ed., Congreso internacional sobre Humanismo y Renacimiento, vol. I (León: Universidad de León-Secretariado de Publicaciones, 1998), 255–62.

Constable, G., Letters and Letter-Collections (Turnhout: Brepols, 1976).

Couchman, Jane, and Anne Crabb, eds, Women’s Letters Across Europe, 1400–1700: Form and Persuasion (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2005).

Cressy, David, Coming Over: Migration and Communication Between England and New England in the Seventeenth Century (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1987).

Cugusi, P., Evoluzione e forme dell’epistolografia latina. nella tarda Repubblica e nei primi due secoli dell’ impero (Roma: Herder, 1983).

Dalton, Susan, Engendering the Republic of Letters: Reconnecting Public and Private Spheres (Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2003).

Daston, L., ‘The Ideal and the Reality of the Republic of Letters in the Enlightenment’, Science in Context 4 (1991), 367–86.

Daybell, James, Women Letter-Writers in Tudor England (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006).

Daybell, James, ‘Material Meanings and the Social Signs of Manuscript Letters in Early Modern England’, Literature Compass 6 (2009), 1–21.

Daybell, James, The Material Letter in Early Modern England: Manuscript Letters and the Culture and Practices of Letter-Writing, 1512-1635 (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2012).

Daybell, James, and Andrew Gordon, eds, ‘New Directions in the Study of Early Modern Correspondence’, special issue of Lives & Letters 4:1 (2012).

Daumas, M., ‘Manuels épistolaires et identité sociale (XVIe–XVIIe siècles)’, Revue d’histoire moderne et contemporaine 40:4 (1993), 529–56.

Dibon, Paul, ‘Les échanges épistolaires dans l’Europe savante du XVIIe siècle’, Revue de synthèse 81–82 (1976), 31–50.

Dibon, Paul, ‘Communication in the Respublica Literaria of the Seventeenth Century’, Res Publica Literarum: Studies in the Classical Tradition 1 (1978), 43–55.

Dibon, Paul, ‘Les avatars d’une édition de correspondance: les Epistolae I. Casauboni de 1638’, Nouvelles de la République des Lettres 2 (1982), 25–63.

Dibon, Paul, ‘Communication épistolaire et mouvement des idées au XVIIe siècle’, Regards sur la Hollande du siècle d’or (Naples: Vivarium, 1990), 171–90.

Dooley, Brendan and Sabrina Baron, eds, The Politics of Information in Early Modern Europe (London: Routledge, 2001).

Doty, W.G., ‘The Classificatin of Epistolary Literature’, The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 31 (1969), 183–69.

Earle, Rebecca, ed., Epistolary Selves: Letters and Letter-Writers, 1600–1945 (Aldershot: Ashgate, 1999).

Easly, David and Jon Kleinberg, Networks, Crowds and Markets: Reasoning about a Highly Connected World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010).

Egmond, Florike, ‘A European Community of Scholars: Exchange and Friendship Among Early Modern Natural Historians’, in Antony Molho, ed., Finding Europe: Discourses on Margins, Communities, Images (New York: Berghan Books, 2007), 159–183.

Fantazzi, Charles, ‘Vives versus Erasmus on the Art of Letter Writing’, in Toon Van Houdt et al., eds, Self-Presentation and Social Identification. The Rhetoric and Pragmatics of Letter Writing in Early Modern Times (Leuven: Leuven University Press, 2002), 39–56.

Feingold, Mordechai, ed., Jesuit Science and the Republic of Letters (Cambridge, MA: MIT Press, 2003).

Fitzmaurice, Susan, The Familiar Letter in Early Modern English (Amsterdam and Philadelphia: John Benjamins, 2002).

Fragnito, Gigliola, ‘Per lo studio dell’epistolografia volgare del Cinquecento: le lettere di Ludovico Beccadelli’, Bibliothèque d’humanisme et renaissance 43 (1981), 61–87.

Fumaroli, Marc, ‘Genèse de l’épistolographie classique: rhétorique humaniste de la lettre, de Pétrarque à Juste Lipse’, Revue d’Histoire Littéraire de la France 78 (1978), 886–905.

Fumaroli, Marc, ‘The Republic of Letters’, Diogenes 143 (1988), 129–52.

Füssel, Marian, ”The Charlatanry of the Learned’: On the Moral Economy of the Republic of Letters in Eighteenth-Century Germany‘, Cultural and Social History 3:3 (2006), 287–300.

Gädeke, Nora, ‘Leibniz lässt sich informieren – Asymmetrien in seinen Korrespondenzbeziehungen’, in Klaus-Dieter Herbst and Stefan Kratochwil, eds, Kommunikation in der Frühen Neuzeit (Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang, 2009), 25–46.

Games, Alison, The Web of Empire: English Cosmopolitans in an Age of Expansion:1560-1660 (Oxford, 2008)

Gerlo, A., ‘The opus de conscribendis epistolis of Erasmus and the tradition of the ars epistolica’, R. R. Bolgar, ed., Classical Influences of European Culture: Proceedings of an International Conference held at King’s College, Cambridge, April 1969 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1972), 103–14.

Gibson, Jonathan, ‘Significant Space in Manuscript Letters’, The Seventeenth Century 12:1 (1997), 1–9.

Gibson, Jonathan, ‘Letters’, in Michael Hattaway (ed.), A Companion to English Renaissance Literature and Culture (Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2000), 615–19.

Gilroy, Amanda, and W. M. Verhoeven, eds, Prose Studies: Correspondences: A Special Issue on Letters 19:2 (1996).

Gingras, Yves, ‘Mapping the Structure of the Intellectual Field Using Citation and Co-citation Analysis of Correspondences’, History of European Ideas 36:3 (2010), 330–39.

Goldgar, A., Impolite Learning: Conduct and Community in the Republic of Letters,1680–1750 (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1995).

Goodman, Dena, The Republic of Letters: A Cultural History of the French Enlightenment (Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press, 1994).

Gordon, Andrew, ‘‘Copycopia, or the Place of Copied Correspondence in Manuscript Culture: A Case Study’ in James Daybell and Peter Hinds (eds), Material Readings of Modern Culture, 1580-1730: Texts and Social Practices (Basingstoke: Palgrave, 2010), 65–82.

Grafton, Antony, ‘The Republic of Letters in the American Colonies: Francis Daniel Pastorius Makes a Notebook’ in The American Historical Review, 117, no. 1 (2012).

Grafton, Antony, Worlds Made by Words: Scholarship and Community in the Modern West (Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2009).

Greengrass, Mark, Michael Leslie, and Timothy Raylor, eds, Samuel Hartlib and Universal Reformation: Studies in Intellectual Communication (Cambridge: CUP, 1994).

Greengrass, Mark, ‘Archive Refractions: Hartlib’s Papers and the Workings of an Intelligencer’, in Michael Hunter, ed., Archives of the Scientific Revolution: The Formation and Exchange of Ideas in Seventeenth-Century Europe (London: Boydell, 1998), 35–47.

Greengrass, Mark, ‘Informal Networks in Sixteenth-Century French Protestantism’, in Ray Mentzer and Andrew Spicer, eds, Society and Culture in the Huguenot World 1559–1665 (Cambridge: CUP, 2001), 78–97.

Greengrass, Mark, ‘Samuel Hartlib and the Commonwealth of Learning’, in John Barnard et al., eds, The Cambridge History of the Book in Britain, vol. 4 (Cambridge: CUP, 2002).

Gregory, Ian N. and Richard G. Healey, ‘Historical GIS: Structuring, Mapping and Analysing Geographies of the Past’, Progress in Human Geography 31:5 (2007), 638–53.

Grell, Ole Peter, Brethren in Christ: A Calvinist Network in Reformation Europe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011).

Gualdo Rosa, L., ‘La pubblicazione degli epistolari umanistici: bilancio e prospettive’, Bulletino dell’Istituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo e Archivio Muratoriano 89 (1980–81), 369–92.

Gualdo Rosa, L., ‘Su alcune recenti edizioni di epistolari umanistici: una rassegna e un’apologia’, in Scritti in onore di Girolamo Arnaldi offerti dalla Scuola nazionale di studi medioeval (Rome: Edizioni dell’Instituto Storico Italiano per il Medio Evo, 2001), 261–75.

Guillén, Claudio, ‘Notes Toward the Study of the Renaissance Letter’, in B. K. Lewalski, ed., Renaissance Genres: Essays on Theory, History, and Interpretatio (Cambridge, Mass. and London: Harvard University Press, 1986), 70–101.

Hall, Marie Boas, ‘Oldenburg and the Role of Scientific Communication’, BJHS, 2 (1965), 277–90.

Hall, Marie Boas, ‘The Royal Society’s Role in the Diffusion of Information in the Seventeenth Century’, Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London 29 (1975), 173–92.

Hall, Marie Boas, Henry Oldenburg: Shaping the Royal Society (Oxford: OUP, 2002).

Haroche-Bouzinac, G., ‘Quelques métaphores de la lettre dans la théorie épistolaire au XVIIe siècle; flèche, miroir, conversation’, XVIIe Siècle 43 (1991), 243–57.

Harth, Helene, ‘Poggio Bracciolini und die Brieftheorie des 15. Jahrhunderts. Zur Gattungsform des humanistischen Briefs’, in F. J. Worstbrock, ed., Der Brief im Zeitalter der Renaissance, Mitteilung IX der Kommission für Humanismusforschung (Weinheim: Acta humaniora der Verlag Chemie GmbH, 1983), 81–99.

Henderson, Judith Rice, ‘Erasmus’s Opus de conscribendis epistolis in Sixteenth-Century Schools’, in Carol Poster and Linda C. Mitchell (eds), Letter-Writing Manuals and Instruction from Antiquity to the Present: Historical and Bibliographical Studies (Columbia, SC: Univeristy of South Carolina Press, 2007), 141–77.

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